Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) looks for practical ways to improve your state of mind on a daily basis. It is a relatively flexible therapy that can be adapted to meet your particular needs and research shows (http://www.get.gg/docs/Empirical-Status-of-CBT.pdf) it can be an effective treatment for a range of mental health problems, such as:
- anger problems
- anxiety and panic attacks
- borderline personality disorder
- drug or alcohol problems
- eating problems
- obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
- post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
- sexual and relationship problems
- sleep problems
Your therapist, who will be trained in CBT, will work with you to try and deal with problems in a more positive way, by breaking them down into smaller parts and by separating the issues into thoughts, physical feelings and actions. You and your therapist can then look at these areas to see if they are unrealistic or unhelpful and help to determine the effect they have on each other and on you. Your therapist may then be able to help you work out how to change unhelpful thoughts and behaviours. They may ask you to practise these changes in your daily life or ask you to monitor your thoughts and feelings throughout the week by entering these into a thought diary. You can then discuss how you got on during the next session.
The eventual aim of therapy is to teach you to apply to your daily life the skills that you’ve learnt during treatment. In some cases CBT can be used instead of medication. Most people will be given a set number of sessions, usually 6-12 sessions lasting approx. 50 minutes each.
Although many people can benefit from CBT, not everyone finds it helpful and you might find that it just doesn’t suit you, or doesn’t meet your needs. There are a lot of other treatments available and our therapists at York Clinic are happy to chat to you before your treatment starts to help you decide if CBT or a different treatment could be the right one for you.
York Clinic website offers a lot of information about the other therapies and the practitioners.